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The Empuls Glossary

Glossary of Human Resources Management and Employee Benefit Terms

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Performance Management

Employee performance management is a process in which organizations establish clear performance expectations and goals for employees, measure their progress toward these goals, provide feedback and coaching to help employees improve their performance, and use this information to make decisions about promotions, compensation, and other rewards. 

The process typically involves regular communication and feedback between managers and employees, as well as formal evaluations or appraisals of employee performance. The overall goal of employee performance management is to help employees understand their roles and responsibilities, identify areas for improvement, and achieve their full potential within the organization.

What is employee performance management?

Employee performance management is the process of setting goals, measuring progress, and providing feedback and support to employees to help them improve their performance and achieve their full potential in the workplace.

Listen, recognize, award, and retain your employees with our Employee engagement software  

Why is employee performance management important?

Employee performance management is important because it helps organizations ensure that their employees are working effectively and efficiently toward achieving organizational goals. It also helps employees understand their roles and responsibilities and provides them with opportunities to grow and develop within their jobs.

What are the components of employee performance management?

The components of employee performance management typically include:

  1. Goal setting: This involves setting clear, measurable, and achievable performance expectations and goals for employees, which should align with the organization's overall goals and objectives.
  2. Ongoing feedback and coaching: Managers should provide regular feedback and coaching to employees to help them understand how well they are meeting their goals, identify areas for improvement, and develop their skills and abilities.
  3. Performance evaluation: Managers should conduct formal evaluations or appraisals of employee performance regularly, typically annually or biannually, to assess progress toward goals and provide feedback on overall performance.
  4. Development and training: Based on performance evaluations and feedback, managers should identify development and training needs for employees and provide opportunities for them to learn and develop new skills.
  5. Rewards and recognition: Based on performance evaluations and progress towards goals, managers should make decisions about rewards and recognition, such as promotions, bonuses, or other forms of compensation.

How often should performance evaluations be conducted?

Performance evaluations should be conducted regularly, typically annually or biannually. However, ongoing feedback and coaching should be provided throughout the year to help employees stay on track and progress toward their goals.

How can managers provide effective feedback to employees?

Managers can provide effective feedback to employees by being specific, timely, and objective in their feedback. They should focus on behaviors rather than personality traits and provide both positive and constructive feedback. They should also listen actively and engage in a two-way dialogue with employees to ensure that they understand and can act on the feedback provided.

What are some common challenges in employee performance management?

Some common challenges in employee performance management include:

  1. Setting unclear or unrealistic goals: If employees are unsure of what they are expected to achieve or if their goals are too challenging or unrealistic, they may become demotivated or disengaged.
  2. Lack of communication or feedback: If managers do not provide regular feedback and communication to employees, they may not understand what they are doing well or where to improve.
  3. Bias or subjectivity in performance evaluations: If evaluations are not based on clear and objective criteria, or if managers have personal biases or favoritism towards certain employees, the evaluations may not accurately reflect employees' performance.
  4. Resistance or lack of buy-in from employees: If employees do not see the value in the performance management process or believe it is fair or effective, they may not engage fully in it or resist changing their performance.
  5. Lack of training or support for managers: If managers are not trained in how to conduct effective performance evaluations or how to provide constructive feedback and support to employees, they may struggle to manage employee performance effectively.

Employee pulse surveys:

These are short surveys that can be sent frequently to check what your employees think about an issue quickly. The survey comprises fewer questions (not more than 10) to get the information quickly. These can be administered at regular intervals (monthly/weekly/quarterly).

One-on-one meetings:

Having periodic, hour-long meetings for an informal chat with every team member is an excellent way to get a true sense of what’s happening with them. Since it is a safe and private conversation, it helps you get better details about an issue.


eNPS (employee Net Promoter score) is one of the simplest yet effective ways to assess your employee's opinion of your company. It includes one intriguing question that gauges loyalty. An example of eNPS questions include: How likely are you to recommend our company to others? Employees respond to the eNPS survey on a scale of 1-10, where 10 denotes they are ‘highly likely’ to recommend the company and 1 signifies they are ‘highly unlikely’ to recommend it.

Based on the responses, employees can be placed in three different categories:

  • Promoters
    Employees who have responded positively or agreed.
  • Detractors
    Employees who have reacted negatively or disagreed.
  • Passives
    Employees who have stayed neutral with their responses.

How can organizations ensure that employee performance management is fair and objective?

Organizations can ensure that employee performance management is fair and objective by taking the following steps:

  1. Develop clear and measurable criteria for evaluating performance: Establishing objective performance criteria that are measurable and aligned with organizational goals can help ensure that evaluations are based on merit and not personal biases.
  2. Train managers on how to conduct fair and objective evaluations: Providing training and support to managers on how to conduct performance evaluations, provide feedback, and handle difficult conversations can help them make more objective and accurate evaluations.
  3. Involve employees in the performance management process: Soliciting feedback from employees, involving them in the goal-setting process, and providing opportunities for self-evaluation can help ensure that their perspectives and needs are taken into account.
  4. Conduct regular audits or reviews of the performance management process: Regularly reviewing the performance management process and evaluating its effectiveness can help identify potential biases or inconsistencies and make improvements to ensure that it is fair and objective.
  5. Provide resources and support for employee development: Providing opportunities for employee development and growth can help ensure that evaluations are not punitive and are focused on helping employees reach their full potential.

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