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The Empuls Glossary

Glossary of Human Resources Management and Employee Benefit Terms

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Employee Lifecycle 

The Employee Lifecycle is a set of stages or steps people go through on their way to becoming an employee. The idea is that the best employees will be able to move through the stages smoothly and efficiently, which is what any company will need for its employees.

Employee Lifecycle is a convenient way to manage your employees. It's a tool that gives you an overview of your team, its members, and their activities. It helps you keep track of each employee's position and responsibilities, as well as their compensation and benefits. You can use Employee Lifecycle to learn about employee performance, attendance, training needs, and more.

What is the employee lifecycle?

Employee lifecycle is a fundamental concept in business and HR. It is the process of how an employee moves through their career path in a company. This can be from new hires to seasoned veteran employees.

What are the different employee lifecycle phases?

The employee lifecycle has six stages:

  • Attraction: The moment a potential candidate is exposed to an employer brand.
  • Recruitment: A person is hired for a new job or promotion.
  • Onboarding: Helping an employee understand and adapt with the corporate culture.
  • Development: A person learns about their new role, supervisor, colleagues, etc.
  • Retention: Keeping an employee satisfied and happy with rewards and recognition.
  • Offboarding: A phase when an employee decides to quit and move on.
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What is the employee lifecycle in HR? 

The employee lifecycle is a framework that helps HR teams to plan and execute their recruitment, onboarding, and retention strategies. The employee lifecycle captures the critical steps involved in an employee's journey from recruitment to retirement, including:

  • Recruitment: How do you attract new talent?
  • Onboarding: What are the first steps for new hires?
  • Retention: How do you keep your best employees?

What is the employee onboarding lifecycle?

Employee onboarding is the process a new employee goes through when joining your company. Understanding the progression a new hire will go through throughout their time at your company is vital.

The onboarding lifecycle is broken down into three stages:

  • New hire orientation
  • New employee training
  • New employee onboarding

What is the employee lifecycle management process?

The employee lifecycle management process is a model that describes the different stages of employees' career development in an organization. 

It involves five key steps:

  • Define your goals and objectives
  • Create an employee-sharing program
  • Develop an employee branding strategy
  • Recruit, hire, and onboard new employees
  • Manage performance and reward employees

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What is the employee lifecycle framework?

The employee lifecycle framework helps a business to understand the different stages of an employee's life cycle. 

The framework includes six stages:

  • Pre-hire, where a candidate is hired or recruited.
  • Trial period, where an employee works for a company for some time and then decides whether it is suitable for them or not.
  • Onboarding is when employees are introduced to their new team on day one and receive training.
  • Training occurs when employees are taught about their new role and how it fits into the broader organization.
  • Release from the training stage occurs when previously untrained employees have completed their training and are ready for release into the workplace as full-time employees.
  • Paid vacation time signifies the end of paid leave for an employee before they are released from employment. This can be up to 20 weeks, depending on how long they have been with their employer.

What is employee lifecycle management?

Employee lifecycle management (ELM) is about managing employees' employment, training, and development through a workflow from hire to retirement. This includes all the steps employees go through in their careers: hiring, onboarding, training, development, and engagement.

Employee pulse surveys:

These are short surveys that can be sent frequently to check what your employees think about an issue quickly. The survey comprises fewer questions (not more than 10) to get the information quickly. These can be administered at regular intervals (monthly/weekly/quarterly).

One-on-one meetings:

Having periodic, hour-long meetings for an informal chat with every team member is an excellent way to get a true sense of what’s happening with them. Since it is a safe and private conversation, it helps you get better details about an issue.


eNPS (employee Net Promoter score) is one of the simplest yet effective ways to assess your employee's opinion of your company. It includes one intriguing question that gauges loyalty. An example of eNPS questions include: How likely are you to recommend our company to others? Employees respond to the eNPS survey on a scale of 1-10, where 10 denotes they are ‘highly likely’ to recommend the company and 1 signifies they are ‘highly unlikely’ to recommend it.

Based on the responses, employees can be placed in three different categories:

  • Promoters
    Employees who have responded positively or agreed.
  • Detractors
    Employees who have reacted negatively or disagreed.
  • Passives
    Employees who have stayed neutral with their responses.

What is the employee engagement lifecycle?

The employee engagement lifecycle is a model that relates to three stages of employee engagement: disengagement, neutral and engaged. The model was developed by researchers at Gallup and the Center for Creative Leadership (CCL) to help organizations understand how employees feel about their jobs and whether they plan to stay in the organization.

The three stages of employee engagement lifecycle are:

  • Disengaged: Employees are not interested in their jobs or the organization's goals. They may have no interest in doing their job well or feel that there is no value in the company for them.
  • Neutral: Employees are neither engaged nor disengaged. They may be neutral because they need to learn more about an issue or problem to take action or because they don't see how it relates directly to their job responsibilities.
  • Engaged: Employees are fully engaged with their work and satisfied with how well they get paid, how much vacation time they receive and what benefits they receive from the organization.

What are employee lifecycle surveys?

An employee lifecycle survey is a method that provides insight into an employee's development and performance over time. The survey covers different aspects of an employee's experience with your company, including:

  • Current role or job title.
  • Overall satisfaction with this position/role.
  • How often they're promoted within their organization, or what type of work they perform daily.
  • Their desire for more responsibility or advancement within their organization.

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